Differences in views on representation threatened to derail ratification of the U.S. Constitution, with delegates on both sides pledging to reject the document if they did not get away with it. The solution took the form of a compromise proposed by statesmen Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth of Connecticut. The Constitutional Convention was held in Philadelphia in 1787, from May to September. After the independence of Great Britain it was summoned for leadership problems of the United States of America. Prior to the constitution, the nearly four million inhabitants of the 13 newly independent states were governed by the articles of Confederation created by the Second Continental Congress. However, the federal government, chronically underfunded as originally organized, was not sufficient to deal with the various conflicts that have arisen between states. Due to the difficulty of the voyage at the end of the 18th century, very few selected delegates were present on the scheduled day of 14 May 1787. It was not until May 25 that a quorum of seven states was reached.
Dissatisfied with the New Jersey plan and the Virginia plan, Alexander Hamilton proposed his own plan. It was also known as the British plan, because of its resemblance to the British system of a strong centralized government. Hamilton`s plan favoured the abandonment of great state sovereignty and the consolidation of states into one nation. The plan provided for bicameral legislation, the lower house, elected by the people for three years. The House of Lords would be elected by the elected voters of the people and would serve for life. The plan also gave the governor, an elected executive elected for a lifetime term, an absolute veto over bills. The governors of the federal states would be appointed by the national legislator, and the national legislator had a veto over all state laws. After the Introduction of the Virginia Plan, New Jersey Congressman William Paterson asked for a postponement to consider the plan.
According to the statutes of the Confederacy, each state was represented on an equal footing in Congress and exercised one vote each time.