The following tables summarize the evidence of the required origin and indicate who is authorized to certify the origin of the property for any free trade agreement (FTA) of Canada and other countries. The United States negotiates and suspends free trade agreements (FTAs) and PTLs, also known as preferential programs, to promote the prosperity of the U.S. economy. Free trade agreements and PTLs open new markets for U.S. exports, protect U.S. producers and workers, and promote free and fair trade among our trading partners. The CbP Office of Trade oversees the implementation of these international instruments after they are negotiated by the U.S. Trade Representative and adopted by the U.S. Congress. The Office of Trade manages a portfolio of 15 free trade agreements with 21 countries and about nine other trading programs with more than 179 countries, including preferential programs such as the Generalized Preference System (GSP) and the Africa Growth Opportunity Act (AGOA). For many customs treatments, the tariff normally due to imported goods is reduced. This involves free trade agreements or other preferential treatments. The notified customs treatment and pricing determine the law applicable to goods.
Australia has six free trade agreements with other countries and eight more are being negotiated. The CBSA uses rules of origin to determine which goods are entitled to specific tariff treatment. The rules of origin determine the amount of production in Canada or another country so that the goods are considered “country of origin” of that foreigner and are entitled to specific tariff treatment. This will ensure that zero or reduced tariff rates apply only to countries that have a trade agreement in Canada. For more information on trade policies and updates, see Cargo Systems Messaging Service (CSMS). The Australian government is pursuing a series of measures to develop and support Australian businesses involved in international trade. There are also rules to protect domestic industries, consumers and the environment from dangerous products imported from overseas. The Australian Tariff (AUT) and New Zealand Customs (NT) recognize the trade relationship between these countries and Canada.