The original NAFTA labour and environmental provisions were added in the form of subsidiary letters after the signing of the original agreement to win the support of Democrats and ensure the passage of the agreement under the Clinton administration. The U.S.M.C.A. defers these chapters to the main part of the trade agreement, which means that issues such as the right to organization are now subject to the normal procedures of the Dispute Settlement Pact. The system can no longer be used in disputes between the United States and Canada and is limited to disagreements between Mexico and the United States over a limited range of industries, including petrochemicals, telecommunications, infrastructure and power generation. For the first time in a U.S. trade agreement, the agreement prohibits local data storage requirements in circumstances where a financial supervisory authority has access to the data it needs to fulfill its regulatory and supervisory mandate. The agreement gives U.S. farmers additional access to foreign markets, particularly in Canada. It does not dismantle Canada`s “supply management system,” which imposes the amount of production on Canadian farmers so that they can be profitable. But Canada has agreed to abolish a program that helps sellers of certain dairy products in Switzerland and abroad and opens its market to milk, cream, butter, cheese and other U.S. products. In return, the United States expanded access to its market for the Canadian dairy and sugar industry.
In a major concession to Democrats, the Trump administration has agreed to support some protective measures for a class of drugs called advanced and very expensive drug biologists. The final agreement nullifies a provision that, for ten years, provided protection for drugs from cheaper alternatives in both Canada and Mexico. In 1994, the United States, Mexico and Canada, with the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), created the world`s largest free trade region, which generated economic growth and helped improve the living standards of the people of the three member countries. By strengthening trade and investment rules, this agreement has proven to be a solid foundation for building Canada`s prosperity and has provided a valuable example of the benefits of trade liberalization for the rest of the world. The new Canada-U.S.-Mexico agreement will strengthen Canada`s strong economic ties with the United States and Mexico. NAFTA required automakers to produce 62.5 per cent of the vehicle`s content in North America in order to qualify for a zero tariff. With the new agreement, this threshold will be increased to 75 per cent over time. This should force automakers to buy fewer parts for a “Assembled in Mexico” car in Germany, Japan, South Korea or China. The pact also requires that 70 per cent of a vehicle`s steel and aluminum come from North America, with steel both melted and poured onto the continent. The cheese agreement between the United States and Mexico.
(PDF, 3 pages, 0.01 MB) The terms of the USMCA remain in effect for a period of 16 years during which the parties may decide to review and/or renegotiate the terms or withdraw from the agreement.