A disaster with a considerable humanitarian impact and ongoing actions for reconstruction and/or reconstruction. In addition to directly responding to humanitarian needs in such situations and fully respecting humanitarian principles, DG ECHO also aims to make a positive contribution, including through the principle of `do no harm`, to the EU`s commitment to political coherence, complementarity and effectiveness in combating the causes of humanitarian crises. However, humanitarian aid is not an instrument of crisis management. Contracting parties have an ethical obligation to carry out their duties responsibly, independently and appropriately. Resolute and robust prevention of abuse by humanitarian workers must also be a constant effort. The Fourth Geneva Convention focuses on the civilian population. The two additional protocols adopted in 1977 expand and strengthen civil protection in the international armed conflict (AP I) and non-international (AP II): for example, the prohibition of direct attacks on civilians. A “civilian” is defined as “anyone who is not a member of the armed forces,” including foreigners and refugees.  However, it is accepted that operations may result in civilian casualties.
Luis Moreno Ocampo, Attorney General of the International Criminal Court, wrote in 2006: “International humanitarian law and the Rome Statute allow the belligerents to carry out proportionate attacks against military targets, even though it is known that there will be civilian deaths or injuries. A crime occurs when there is a deliberate attack on civilians (principle of distinction) … or an attack on a military target knowing that occasional civilian injuries would be manifestly excessive in relation to the expected military advantage (principle of proportionality).  International humanitarian law operates under a strict separation between the rules in force in international armed conflicts and internal armed conflicts. This dichotomy is widely criticized.  The relationship between international human rights law and international humanitarian law is controversial among scholars of international law. This debate is part of a wider debate on the fragmentation of international law.  While pluralist scholars delineate international human rights law as international humanitarian law, proponents of the constitutional approach view it as a subset of the former.  In short, those who prefer separate, closed plans point to differences in applicability; international humanitarian law applies only in times of armed conflict. On the other hand, a more systemic perspective indicates that international humanitarian law is a function of international human rights law; it contains general standards that apply to everyone at all times, as well as specific standards applicable to certain situations such as armed conflict and military occupation (i. IHL) or to certain groups of people, including refugees (for example.
B 1951 Convention on Refugees), Children (the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child) and Prisoners of War (Third Geneva Convention 1949).